General labour jobs are usually performed on particular worksites and require specific skill-set, as well as imply some challenges that might need particular attention from you to maintain your health.
The responsibility for your well-being and safety at work is a shared responsibility between your employer and you. Your employer has the responsibility to educate you about the hazards in the worksite; organize health and safety training and initiatives; and make the appropriate gear and tools available to you.
However, it is also your responsibility to learn and study all health and Safety manuals and fulfil your duties as a worker. It is also imperative that you follow all guidelines and workplace standards to perform your job at the highest levels of quality as well as protecting your health and the safety of other workers in the same workplace.
Here are some tips that will enable you to maintain your health, safety and wellbeing:
1) HEALTH AND SAFETY BEST PRACTICE
The field of workplace health and safety is a well-established discipline, with many resources available to employers as well as employees. Make sure that you understand and know how to handle hazardous materials.
It is also essential to follow the work procedures and use any protective clothing or equipment provided to you all the time. Your cooperation with your employer and your supervisor is essential. You have to attend any training provided by the employer and do your work safely according to work procedure.
Take advantages of the work brakes during the day to get some fresh air when appropriate. Use your breaks to de-stress, move, rest, or do something pleasant like listening to your favourite music.
2) WORKPLACE ORGANIZATION AND CLEANLINESS
Keep your work space tidy and clean; this will prevent the spread of any harmful bacteria. Orderly workplace will decrease stress levels, and also will make it easy to access the tools you need, supplies, tools or any personal protective gears.
Maintain not only your workstation clean but also other facilities like the kitchen, shared areas, bathrooms and other facilities. Follow any regular cleaning schedules, declutter and get rid of garbage and recyclable items.
When bringing lunch, keep your containers and utensils clean and also clean the kitchen sink. Get rid of any rotten or expired foods in the fridge. Workplace hygiene will keep the workplace pleasant, but also will reduce the risk of infections, illnesses or the spread of diseases.
3) PERSONAL HYGIENE
Your cleanliness and hygiene habits can keep you healthy. Regular showers (preferably daily showers), will enable your body to get rid of any toxins and unpleasant smells. Many studies linked the lack of proper oral hygiene to other health conditions like heart diseases and digestive system conditions. Washing your hands regularly and using hand sanitizers reduces the risk of the spread of bacteria and infections.
Grooming and your personal presentation reflect your professionality and attitude to work. So, follow the proper dress code, and keep your clothes or uniform clean, pressed and pristine. Excellent attention should be extended to your haircut, accessories and shoes to complete your professional image.
4) PERSONAL WELLBEING
Your wellbeing is your responsibility and a determinant of your happiness and success. Make sure to drink plenty of water during the day to keep your body hydrated. Eat a balanced diet full of healthy affordable foods. Avoid fatty or heavy meals. Pack your lunch regularly and have some healthy snacks of fruits, protein bars and fresh veggies.
When you consciously eat well and keep your body hydrated, you will be able to maintain your energy throughout the day and perform your job well. You will also be able to maintain sugar level in your blood at a healthy level and avoid feeling dizzy or light-headed, which might put you at risk when you perform manual labour tasks.
5) ALCOHOL, DRUGS OR OTHER SUBSTANCES
Never work under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Alcohol and drugs mask your reasoning ability, and you might judge a situation wrongly risking your own life and the lives of people around you. If you feel that you started to develop some sort of dependency on alcohol, drugs or other substances, seek help immediately.
Even for less harmful substances like caffeine or energy drinks, limit your intake. With high caffeine consumption, you risk what is known by caffeine crash. At those caffeine crash times, your vision may get blurred, your concentration decreases and you increase health risks.